What is Venous Angioplasty and Stent Placement?

Angioplasty and Stent placement is an interventional, minimally invasive procedure that is used to restore flow in a native vessel that is currently compressed, narrowed or obstructed. This procedure is often performed in people with iliac vein compression syndrome, as well as people with chronic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or post thrombotic syndrome. Angioplasty and stenting does not often require general anesthesia. During the procedure, after the balloon-tipped catheter has reached its destination within the vessel, the balloon is inflated to open the narrowed vessel and improve blood flow. A stent is then placed inside the vessel to keep it open. Although X-ray fluoroscopy is used to guide the doctor during the procedure, this is most often followed up with ultrasound imaging.