Venous Ulceration

Venous ulcers are slow healing (sometimes painful) sores on the legs that often occur with severe chronic venous insufficiency. They are commonly seen near the ankle or shin areas. CVI (also known as venous reflux) is a condition that occurs when the valves within the veins of the legs are broken and/or not functioning effectively; making it difficult to bring the blood back to the heart. This can cause the blood to start leaking backward with gravity, pooling down the legs, stretching and weakening the vein walls. In result, proteins and other molecular structures can leak out of the veins causing tissue breakdown, leading to venous ulcers.  
In conjunction with wound care, diagnostic testing will be ordered to rule-out differential diagnoses such as arterial ulceration. These results will be used to determine the best method of treatment; which can include: multi-layered compression bandage, compression stockings, radiofrequency ablation, ultrasound guided sclerotherapy, ambulatory phlebectomy and/or venous angioplasty and stenting.