Chronic Venous Insufficiency

The heart pumps nutrient and oxygen-rich blood to the body through arteries. Veins carry oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. Leg muscles pump blood upwards. Chronic Venous Insufficiency (also known as venous reflux) is a condition that occurs when the valves within the veins of the legs are broken and/or not functioning effectively; making it difficult to bring the blood back to the heart. This can cause the blood to start leaking backward with gravity, pooling down the legs, stretching and weakening the walls of the veins. Venous insufficiency is a progressive disease. Reflux can occur in veins in the deep or superficial system.

Common symptoms associated with CVI are:

  • Heaviness, burning or aching in the legs
  • Swelling or throbbing
  • Skin changes
  • Itching
  • Tiredness in the legs
  • Discomfort in the legs from prolonged standing
  • Blood clots
  • Varicose veins
  • Open sores and skin ulcers