What is Carotid Artery Disease?

Carotid artery disease is a disease in which plaque builds up inside the carotid arteries. If untreated, carotid artery disease can cause a stroke. Carotid artery disease may not produce symptoms as plaque builds up over time with no warning signs.

Cartoid Artery Stenting

Carotid artery stenting is a procedure in which a slender, metal-mesh tube, called a stent, is inserted inside the carotid artery to increase blood flow in an area blocked by plaque. During the carotid stenting procedure, your physician will insert a small, inflatable balloon into the artery to expand the blocked area. A stent is then inserted to flatten the plaque and open the artery.

Carotid stenting is the preferred therapy for patients who are at an increased risk with carotid surgery. High risk factors include medical comorbidities such as severe heart disease, heart failure, severe lung disease, age greater than 75/80, and certain anatomic features (contralateral carotid occlusion, radiation therapy to the neck, prior ipsilateral carotid artery surgery, intra-thoracic or intracranial carotid disease) that make surgery difficult or risky.