What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the surface of the skin. These veins usually occur in the legs, but can also can form in other parts of the body. They may be bluish or redish, but can also be flesh-colored. Veins have one-way valves that help keep blood flowing toward your heart. If the valves are weak or damaged, blood can back up and pool in your veins. This causes the veins to swell, which can lead to varicose veins.

Symptoms

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

  •  Heaviness, burning, or aching in the legs
  • Swelling or throbbing
  • Itching
  • Tiredness in the legs
  • Discomfort in the legs from prolonged standing
  • Blood clots
  • Open sores and skin ulcers

Treatment Options

Greater Pittsburgh Vascular Associates provides a comprehensive suite of state-of-the-art procedures for treating varicose veins. Treatment options include:

EndoVenous Laser Treatment (EVLT®)– EVLT uses laser energy delivered through a thin fiber-optic probe to treat the underlying cause of the varicose vein.
Phlebectomy– Phlebectomy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure that removes surface varicose veins. There are two basic types of phlebectomy: Ambulatory and Transilluminated Powered Phlebectomy (TIPP).
Sclerotherapy – Sclerotherapy uses a needle to inject a liquid chemical into the vein. The chemical causes the vein walls to swell, stick together, and seal shut. This is the most common treatment for spider veins and varicose veins.
VNUS® RF Ablation – VNUS® RF (radiofrequency) Ablation system (also called the Closure® procedure) is a minimally invasive varicose vein treatment procedure that uses radiofrequency energy (electricity) to heat, collapse and seal off the targeted blood vessels.
Compression Stockings– Compression stocking counteract the abnormal venous pressure in the legs of patients with venous insufficiency.